Ms. Tryggvadóttir is a district court attorney, academic and consultant. Her main area of expertise is intellectual property and information technology law, an area in which she has 30 years of work and academic experience. Ms. Tryggvadóttir has published several articles on various subjects in the field of intellectual property, written reports and studies on IP matters for the Icelandic government and other institutions and organizations, given general and specialized lectures in Iceland and internationally and participated in the public debate on intellectual property rights.



In the final stages of completing a PhD in the field of copyright in the digital world.  

  M. Phil. Degree from the University of Edinburgh in 1992.  Her M. Phil. dissertation was in the field of patents and examined the influence of international co-operation on Nordic patent law and vice versa. 

Cand. Jur. Degree from the Law Faculty of the University of Iceland in 1986, where her final thesis was on the Icelandic Trade Mark Act. 




Affiliated researcher at the Centre for IT & IP Law (CITIP) at the KULeuven University, Belgium, 2010 to present

Visiting Scholar at Columbia Law School, New York, USA, 2014-2016

Associate Professor at the Law School of Reykjavík University, Iceland, 2005-2009

Lecturer at the Law School of Reykjavík University, Iceland, 2003-2005


Chair of the Committee of Experts in the Field of Copyright, advisory committee to the Minister of Education and Culture in Iceland, 2006 to present

Chair of the Board of Appeals for Industrial Intellectual Property Rights, 2000- 2011

Representative for Iceland in the EFTA Expert Group on Intellectual Property Rights, 1989-1994, 2009-2014

National Expert at the EFTA Surveillance Authority (ESA) in Brussels, 1997-1999

Counselor for the Ministries of Trade and Industry at the Icelandic Mission to the EU in Brussels, Belgium, 1993-1994

Head of Department at the Ministry of Industry, 1991-1993

Departmental Specialist at the Icelandic Patent Office, 1989-1991


Managing Director of the Reproduction Right Organization, Fjölís. 2000-2001, and Legal Adviser, 2002-2004

Consultation for the government, various institutions, organisations and other parties.

Selected Publications

Edition and contribution to the Icelandic monograph in “The International Encyclopedia for Cyber Law”, published as part of Kluwer International's International Encyclopedia of Laws, submitted to be published in 2016.


Marie-Christine Janssens and Rán Tryggvadóttir, ‘Orphan works, out-of-commerce works and making the European cultural heritage available: ‘are we nearly there yet’?’ in Stamatoudi I (ed), The Future of Copyright: A European Union and International Perspective (Kluwer Law International 2016), pp. 189-209.


‘Balancing of interests and cross-border use: Room for Nordic co-operation?’ 2015, (6), NIR (The Nordic Intellectual Property Right Journal), 652-665.


Marie-Christine Janssens and Rán Tryggvadóttir, ‘Facilitating access to orphan and out-of-commerce works to make Europe’s cultural resources available to the broader public’ in Irini Stamatoudi (ed), Copyright and the Digital Agenda for Europe: Current Challenges for the Future (Sakkoulas Publications, 2015), pp. 27-95.


“Digital libraries, the Nordic system of extended collective licenses and cross-border use”, “Auteurs & Media”, 2014/5, pp. 314-325.


"Cloud Computing SLAs - SMART 2013/0039 - Standards terms and performance criteria in service level agreements for cloud computing services", National Experts Report, written with Hafliði Kristján Lárusson, June 2014.


”Overview of Icelandic Copyright since 2009“ (in Danish), NIR (The Nordic Intellectual Property Right Journal) 6/2012.


 ”Revision of the Icelandic Copyright Act and other recent developments in the area“, (Icelandic) published in the Law Journal of Reykjavík University, 1/ 2012.


 What permission do libraries and museums have to make copies of and distribute works which fall under copyright protection, published in a peer-reviewed collection of articles published in the honor of Mr. Ragnar Aðalsteinsson, Advocate to the Supreme Court of Iceland, 2009. (Icelandic)


 “Overview and comparison of developments in Nordic copyright in the years 2005-2009” (Danish), published in Nordiskt Immateriellt Rättskydd (NIR), 6/2009, pp. 516-530.


 “Researching Icelandic Law”, together with Thórdís Ingadóttur, Associate Professor, for the webpage GlobaLex published by Hauser Global Law School Program, New York University School of Law, (in English), January 2007.


“Legal study on legal and administrative practices regarding the validity and mutual recognition of electronic documents: National Profile Iceland”, report prepared in June 2006 in collaboration with Jón Vilberg Gudjónsson and Haraldur Tryggvason, for the Interdisciplinary Centre for Law and ICT (ICRI) – University of Leuven and Lawfort-Brussels, in connection with a study conducted by those institutions for the European Commission.


 “Distribution of music and films on the Internet: peer-to-peer networks and file sharing programmes”, the Icelandic Lawyers’ Law Journal, (peer-reviewed) (Icelandic), 4/2006.


“The Effect of New Technology on Copyright”, the Law Journal of Reykjavík University (peer-reviewed), 3/2005. (Icelandic)


“Intellectual Property Rights” in “Principles and Elements of Free Trade Relations”, Verlag Rüegger, Zürich, 2000.


Board Membership of IP Associations:

2000-  Member of the Association of Industrial Property Rights in Iceland, the Icelandic AIPPI Association, Chair of the Association in 2009, currently Board Member.

2006-  Board Member of the Copyright Association in Iceland.


Language Competence:


English: Fluent written and spoken

Danish: Good working knowledge

German: Good working knowledge

Norwegian and Swedish: Good reading knowledge

French: Basic communication and reading level